Peace has remained elusive in Africa. The continent continues to be riddled with insecurity and conflicts that are tearing it apart and stalling its development prospects. Beyond the legacies of colonialism, case studies in this volume highlight different causes and dimensions of insecurity, conflict, conflict management mechanisms and peacebuilding efforts in Africa. Clashes over identity differences and weak governance structures remain sources of the concern. To solve the conflicts, communities have often resorted to the traditional African ways and the modern system based on western rules. Various ways of effecting peace-making and peace building and the weaknesses of the current peacekeeping methods are explored.